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What you should do with your pond now if you've not done it already

What you should do with your pond now if you've not done it already
If you have fish in the pond, hopefully you will have removed dead leaves, dead vegetation and as much algae as you could during the autumn.

You should never let the pond completely freeze over, particularly if you have any fish in it. For one thing, the ice expanding can damage the pond itself. And rotting plants and fish produce nasty gases which are unable to escape through the ice. And importantly you should never use any tools etc to break up the ice – this will cause shock waves in the water which could harm the fish and any other wildlife living in the pond

So, you can use a ball floating on the water, which when removed will leave an unfrozen hole for gases to escape. The trouble with this method is that once you have removed the ball, the hole will eventually freeze back over. So perhaps use a few balls, then you can remove one each day.

Or better still, use a Pond Heater. This will keep a small area clear of ice. They can be found here.

If you have a filter system which has been turned off for the winter months, then make sure it has been emptied of water which could freeze and damage it. This is particularly important if you have a UV unit attached or as part of the filter. If you do find your Quartz Sleeve has been cracked by the ice then we do supply some common replacements found here. Also, be aware that some pumps have seals that can dry out if left out of the water, so perhaps storing the pump in a bucket of water may be preferable.

If you've left your filters running over the winter (and they haven’t frozen solid already!) then you should try to move the pump intake and the filter outlet closer together. This is because you are only trying to keep a small area free of ice, and wide water movement throughout the pond will only chill all the water more.

Fountains and water features should be turned off and safely drained until the weather improves in the Spring.

As regards feeding the fish - at normal winter temperatures they stop feeding anyway and there is always the chance that if they do take food during the slightly warmer part of the day, they will have undigested food in their gut if the water cools down a lot during the night. With likely adverse results!

Now, with all that done sit back and relax, the pond is just waiting to burst into life again come the Spring.